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Kona And The Pillars Of Pele? Record Rain in Hilo – No Rain in Kona. The Kona Rain Shadow Effect.

Mahalo For Sharing Your Aloha

The Kona Rain Shadow: As we discuss why Kona gets so little rain, we will also talk about the hurricanes and tropical storms of 2018.

Three Pele-grown mountains protect Kona when weather originates from the east (and sometimes to the south): Mauna Kea at 13,803 feet, Mauna Loa at 13,679 feet and Hualalai at 8,271 feet.

Hurricane Lane

There have been a few hurricanes pass near Hawaii in 2018. First a quick overview of 2018 ‘hurricane weather,’ then you can see how the ‘Kona Rain Shadow’ (the tall volcanoes of the Big Island) works to protect Kona (usually).

Kona
Big Island volcanoes ‘generally’ protect Kona via the ‘Kona Rain Shadow’

August 2018 – East vs West: Just why did Hilo and the eastern portion of the Big Island receive so much devastating rain during Hurricane Lane, while Kona had less than an inch and no winds?

September 2018 – East vs West: Hurricane Olivia Rainfall Projections: The projected path of Hurricane Olivia (most likely will become a tropical storm by the time it reaches the Big Island) runs over the middle of the Big Island.

09/09/2018 Tropical Storm Olivia Spaghetti Models: All the Tropical Storm Olivia spaghetti models currently show how Hawaii is expected to be impacted.

Hawaii

Direct hit tropical storms can produce substantial rainfalls. The below image is from September 2018 and Tropical Storm Olivia. The eastern side of the Big Island may 5-8″ while the western side (Kona) forecasts 1-2″.

Hurricane Olivia

Big Island Now reports, “Hilo Sets Rainfall Record for August.”  They state, “Hilo has picked more than 25 inches of rain since early Wednesday morning, The Weather Channel reported. ‘This has resulted in more than 31 inches of rainfall for the month, setting a new record for the wettest August.'”

We saw that Hurricane Lane was approaching the Hawaiian Islands complete with a Category 5 classification. 

Hawaii

Even though hurricanes rarely, rarely, rarely hit Hawaii I immediately went into my ‘hurricane disaster preparation‘ mode (as my wife watched helplessly). I wanted to build a one-mile-high, impenetrable dome (think ‘Cone of Silence’ or the movie ‘Bio-Dome’) over our home, then purchase 100 sheets of plywood and quadruple board every window, door, garage, dryer vent and everything else I could think of (no, no, no… I left all the entry points into our home open for our lanai geckos: ‘Dances With Cats,’ ‘Major Tom,’ and ‘Moonwalker’).

Hilo

I spent a couple of hours ‘weatherproofing’ our home: moving lanai furniture and potted plants into the garage and then taking photos of everything inside and outside our home and uploading this ‘insurance photographic evidence‘ to the cloud.

It turned out, at least for this hurricane, that I didn’t have to. The reason why? It was Pele!

The Pillars Of Pele

Three Pele-grown mountains protect Kona when weather originates from the east (and sometimes to the south): Mauna Kea at 13,803 feet, Mauna Loa at 13,679 feet and Hualalai at 8,271 feet.

Hurricane Lane

These pillars form a rain shadow for Kona. If rain-laden clouds want to pass from the east side of the Big Island to the west side, these clouds have to lighten in order to get over mountains. They do so by releasing rain.

Hurricane Lane

This explains why Hilo averages 130″ of rain per year and Kona only has about 18″ of rain per year.

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The Pillars Of Pele: Hurricane Lane

The rain totals for Hurricane Lane were disastrous for much of the Big Island – many parts of the island had 30″++. But for Kona, we had, maybe, an inch of rain.

The Kona Rain Shadow –West Hawaii Today wrote an article on the low amount of rain, “National Weather Service Meteorologist Gavin Shigesato said, ‘Kona is kind of shielded from the regular trade winds. In that sense, maybe, that could have played a factor in why you guys haven’t received (hardly) any rain or wind.’

Kona

During the 24 hours preceding 9 a.m. Friday, sites in West Hawaii areas reported receiving no more than a half-inch of rainfall. Maximum wind speeds recorded Friday in Kailua-Kona were about 18 mph.”

The rain never fell hard. All the while, Hurricane Lane was about 150 miles to the west of us. The Pillars of Pele, at least this time, protected Kona.  And our Kona palm trees never swayed 

Here is how Hurricane Lane Looked on 8/24/18. Notice the winds going around the Big Island.

pele

Hurricane LaneUpdated Big Island Rainfall Totals 
(Noon 8-22-18 through 4 a.m. 8-25-18)

  • Waiakea Uka — 45.8″
  • Piihonua — 44.68″
  • Saddle Quarry — 41.87″
  • Waiakea Experiment Station — 41.15″
  • Mountain View — 38.76″
  • Hilo airport — 31.85″
  • Honokaa — 29.28″
  • Glenwood — 28.61″
  • Kulani — 26.62″
  • Paauilo — 25.01″
  • Keaumo — 22.94″
  • Pahoa — 22.87″
  • Papaikou — 19.7″
  • Kawainui Stream — 14.83″

Here are weather radar screenshots of how the Pillars of Pele were protecting Kona from wind and rain. 

First, a close-up of weather in Kona at 7:35 pm on 8/24/18.

Red Cross

Hawaii

And for a larger perspective of all the Hawaiian Islands:

Hurricane Lane

The below image is from KHON2 on September 2018 showing rain forecasts from Tropical Storm Olivia.

Hualalai

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West Hawaii Today’s headline, “Wave riders take advantage of rare opportunity in West Hawaii waters.  The draw was a seldom-seen swell in Kailua Bay, courtesy of Hurricane Lane, which beckoned bodyboarders and surfers alike with the rare opportunity to ride some of the island’s most iconic waters. ‘It’s been almost 20 years probably since it’s broken like this inside the bay,’ said Willy Petrovic, who was hoping the swell would double or even triple in size come Thursday afternoon. ‘I haven’t seen one like this since I was a kid.'”
pele

So, now I am in the process of taking all the lanai furniture, potted plants and my ego and putting everything back in its’ place.

Cliff Mass (Professor, Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Washington) has an explanation of why hurricanes are so rare in Hawaii.

Footnote: I lived in the rain shadow of the Olympic Mountains for a while (Washington… as you can guess, that is why we left Washington and moved to Kona). We had about 16″ of rain a year while, just 45 miles away, Seattle had about 40″ of rain per year.  If you look at Forks, WA on the central east coast, your will see 119 inches of rain per year. We moved essentially from one rain shadow to another… (But the sun factor was different.)

Red Cross

 

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